Li Keqiang Wiki – Li Keqiang Biography
Li Keqiang, China’s former premier, has died of a heart attack, less than a year after leaving his post as the country’s second-highest leader.
“On October 26, Li suffered a sudden heart attack and died at 00:10 on October 27 [16:10 GMT on October 26] after all rescue measures failed,” the state-run Global reported on Friday. Times. The 68-year-old, who retired in March, served two terms alongside Chinese President Xi Jinping, but toward the end of his career was politically sidelined as Xi amassed increasing personal power over China’s government and economy China. In the hours after Li’s death, news reports were notably low-indexed in outlets such as People’s Daily and China Daily (both considered mouthpieces for the Chinese Communist Party), ranking second or third behind articles on new infrastructure. , foreign investment and even astronauts. It was quite a snub for a man who was once considered in the race for China’s top leadership position before losing to Xi. Li’s tenure as premier and Xi’s chief of staff proved disappointing to his domestic and foreign supporters who hoped a university-trained economist would further open up China’s economy.
Instead, his portfolio was overshadowed by Xi’s rise and a slide toward greater authoritarianism. “Li remained impassive as China swerved away from reform and opening up. The wind was too strong,” Adam Ni, an independent analyst and editor of the China Neican newsletter, told Al Jazeera. He said Li’s death, like his tenure as prime minister, would be “forgettable.” “The situation we find ourselves in now, this political moment, is nothing like the consequences of the death of Zhou Enlai and Hu Yaobang,” he said, quoting two of the most famous leaders of the Chinese Communist Party. “Their deaths catalyzed instability and protests.” They included protests in 1976 at the end of the Cultural Revolution and again in the spring of 1989 in Tiananmen Square. Li will not have that legacy, Ni said. Li’s attempts to steer China’s economy through the COVID-19 pandemic ultimately took a backseat to a “zero COVID” policy, leading to the kind of slow growth not seen since the height of the pandemic. Cultural Revolution.
Li Keqiang was 68 years old.
“His tenure as prime minister took place in a context of China tightening control of the economy and society, and an era in which security and ideology gradually overtook economic performance as a priority, which is well demonstrated by China’s prioritization of COVID-zero over economic recovery. ”said Yun Sun, director of the China Program at the Stimson Center. “He was a reformist who could not carry out his reform agenda. “I think his death reminds people of what he couldn’t accomplish rather than what he could accomplish,” he added. Li was born in rural China in 1955, the son of a local government official, and like many leaders of his generation, he was once an “exiled youth” who spent the Cultural Revolution in the countryside. Li was later able to return to his education and graduated from the elite Peking University, where he also met pro-democracy activists during a period of political and economic opening in the 1980s. That period came to a bloody end when Beijing sent armed troops to Tiananmen Square on June 4, 1989 to quell months of protests, calling for political and economic changes and an end to corruption.
Li’s political and professional career survived the brutal crackdown. As a member of the Communist Party, Li later aligned himself with the Communist Youth League and its patron, former Chinese president and Xi’s predecessor, Hu Jintao. Hu was rarely seen in public after resigning in 2013 and was humiliated last year when he was removed from an important session of the 20th Party Congress, a sign foreign commentators saw as indicative of a “purge.” In the months before his retirement, Li referenced China’s mightiest rivers to emphasize his optimism that China would always move forward. “Li said the Yellow and Yangtze flows could not be reversed,” Ni recalled of a speech the then-premier gave in Shenzhen last year. “He meant that the broader currents of history, of human progress, that have been driving China’s progress (such as in the era of reform and opening up) cannot be reversed. Not because of nostalgia for the past. Not because of a closed mentality. Not through policies designed to reverse some aspect of it. He may or may not be right. But at this moment it seems that things can be reversed.”